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Goodwin, Honorable Ichabod

Male 1794 - 1882  (87 years)


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  • Name Goodwin, Ichabod  [1
    Title Honorable  
    Born 08 Oct 1794  North Berwick, Berwick, York County, Maine, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • This portion of Berwick later became North Berwick. He is descended on both father's and mother's sides from families of great colonial importance. The great-grandfather of Mr. Goodwin, Captain Ichabod Goodwin, is said by the writer ofthe genealogy of the Berwick Goodwins, in the Historical Magazine, to have been the most remarkable man who ever lived in that town. He distinguished himself at the battle of Ticonderoga, and we learn from the London Magazine that he wasespecially mentioned in Major General Abercrombie's report to Mr. Secretary Pitt. On his father's side his ancestors figured conspicuously in the wars before the revolution. On the mother's side he is likewise descended from familieswhich for a century, and up to the revolution, performed a large share of the duties of public office, and some of the most conspicuous names in the colonial history of Maine and New Hampshire are to be counted among his maternalancestors.
      At the time of Mr. Goodwin's birth, which was just before the beginning of the present [19th] century, ..., Mr. Goodwin's family ... were simply plain farming people, highly respected with in the limits of the little country town in whichthey lived, but no longer among the noted or influential or wealthy people of Maine.

      See additional history at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ichabod_Goodwin .
    Gender Male 
    Education 1807  South Berwick Academy, South Berwick, Berwick, York County, Maine, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    That institution had at that time a good deal of local importance, and then as now [circa 1882] the only school in the vicinity of his birthplace where a fitting for college can be obtained. Shortly after leaving that institution, hemoved to Portsmouth and entered the counting house of Samuel Lord, Esq., then a very prominent merchant and ship-owner of Portsmouth, New hampshire. At the age of 12 years, he already had the qualities that had made him quite a competentand satisfactory manager of the farm of his widowed step-grandmother, who was the grandmother of Mr. Lord 
    Residence 1808  Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Residence 1832  Islington Street, across the street from Goodwin Field (now Goodwin Park),, Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Not surprisingly, Ichabod gave up the sea in 1832 and became a merchant in partnership with Samuel Coues. To reflect this move up in society, Ichabod needed a substantial house. That same year he purchased the Federal style mansion onIslington Street.
      Picture is from the Portsmouth Public Library. The construction of this house corresponded almost exactly with the War of 1812. It was begun in 1811 and probably took at least three years to complete. A bricklayer by the name of Jameshazeltine built the house, apparently for speculative purposes. The area where the house originally stood (see move below), on upper islington Road, was at that time developing into an exclusive residential district. Hazeltine's venturesucceeded. In 1814 he sold the house for $3,000, which undoubtedly covered his costs and included a sizable profit. The dwelling changed hands once more before it was bought by Ichabod in 1832.
      In 1963, this house, faced with destruction on its original site, was moved to Strawbery Banke Museum on the other side of town and was deeded by the state to the museum. As staff began researching source material for clues toholidays past, it revealed that, of the Museum's then five restored furnished houses, only the Governor Goodwin Mansion and the Thomas Bailey Aldrich House were of the appropriate period to display a Christmas tree. The Wheelwright House(then interpreted too 1759) and the Stephen Chase House (ca. 1800) and the Captain Keyran Walsh House (set in 1830) all reflected the absence of an American Christmas tradition. Instead these homes were "set with the produce of theharvest season." The first Christmas-specific references in the local press were seen only in 1811, when an advertisement in a Portsmouth newspaper featured figs, raisins, currants, spices, and teas, "just received in season forChristmas." Within a few short decades, the Christmas traditions of the Victorians would transform the Governor Goodwin Mansion (set in the 1860's). Its lavish holiday customs added a rich, romantic dimension of Christmas sights,smells, and sounds to the Stroll (annual tour) repertoire.
    Died 04 Jul 1882  Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Initiatory 21 Jan 1958 
    Occupation Portsmouth, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    six times a representative in the legislature between 1838 and 1856, and was a delegate at large from New Hampshire to the National conventions at which Clay, Taylor, and Scott were nominated by the Whigs for the presidency, serving asvice-president of the first two bodies. He served twice in constitutional conventions, and was several times an unsuccessful Whig candidate for congress, being the last nominee of that party for governor of the state. In 1859 he was thesuccessful Republican candidate for the same office, and was reelected for the succeeding term, which expired in June, 1861. When President Lincoln made his call for troops in 1861 the legislature was not in session, and the municipalbanking institutions undertook the task of raising and equipping troops. Governor Goodwin accepted $680,000, and with this sum raised and equipped ten regiments. Governor Goodwin was active in the Unitarian Church, and was widely knownfor his charities. Ichabod Goodwin became one of Portsmouth's most influential men in the 19th century.He gained great respect as a sea captain for 20 years, then, still in his 30's, he embarked on a business and political career. Hewas the state's first Civil War governor, and president of two banks, the Portsmouth Bridge Company, Portsmouth Steam Factory (a giant factory with a six-story building containing 21,000 spindles and 450 looms; employed 380 people whoannually produced two-and-a-half million yards of lawn, a fine sheer cotton or linen fabric), Portsmouth Gas Company and, for 20 years, the Eastern Railroad. The life of Goodwin is significant for the way it illustrates the progress ofthe nineteenth century in Portsmouth. He began his career at sea, a tradition as old as the town itself. He left the maritime life, however, at the same time it became apparent that seaborne trade, Portsmouth's lifeblood, was in apermanent decline. Goodwin saw that transportation and trade in this small city would increasingly come to depend on a new technological development, the railroad. In the 1830s he was appointed a director of the Eastern Railway ofMassachusetts and, when the line was extended north, he became president of the Eastern Railroad of New Hampshire. From 1841 to 1876 Goodwin served at the head of the Portland, Saco and Portsmouth Railroad, later to become a substantialpart of the Boston and Maine. Ironically, it was the industrialization of the west end of Portsmouth under Goodwin that turned the once lovely tree-lined Islington Street into a commercial thoroughfare. 
    Reference Number 184 
    Reference Number G00184 
    Person ID I184  Goodwin
    Last Modified 8 Aug 2016 

    Mother Gerrish, Anna Thompson,   b. Abt 1769 
    Family ID F159  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    184s001
    184s001
    Honorable Ichabod Goodwin (1794-1882), Governor of New Hampshire (1859-1861) at start of the War Between the States.
    184s004
    184s004
    "Early postcard" showing the Governor Goodwin Mansion when it was still on Islington Street, Portsmouth, Rockingham, New Hampshire.
    184s003
    184s003
    Late (post 1963) postcard showing the Governor Goodwin Mansion after its removal to Strawbery Banke Museum.
    184s002
    184s002
    After 1963, Strawbery Banke Museum, Portsmouth, Rockingham, New Hampshire. Governor Ichabod Goodwin Mansion.

  • Sources 
    1. [S2414] (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S65] .

    3. [S2414] .

    4. [S2414] Ex-Governor of NH.